Since the 1800′s septic systems have been installed replacing the previous outside facility commonly know as the outhouse.
A septic system is a small-scale, on-site sewage treatment system used when municipal sewers are unavailable.
Long Island cesspool and septic systems usually consist of a primary receiver (septic tank) and a drainage area (cesspool or drainage field). Homes constructed after 1972 will have a cesspool as a primary receiver. Most homes have a septic tank serving as the drainage area. If properly installed and maintained by a Long Island septic tank and cesspool expert on a regular basis, your septic system will provide many years of trouble free service.
Waste water leaves your home through a pipeline called the main line, then enters the septic tank (primary receiver). The septic tank holds the waste for primary treatment where solids and liquids are separated by gravity. The heavy digested solids called “sludge” accumulate at the bottom of the tank. The lighter materials (grease and oils) are called a “scum layer” and floats to the top of the liquid. Natural bacteria generated by the solid waste partially decomposes the waste in the septic tank and reduces the amount of solid material by as much as 60%.
The Septic tank is only one part of your septic system. It is designed to remove the solids from your waste water prior to the waste water entering your cesspool (drainage area).
Solids and sludge should be pumped from the septic tank every 2 years (as recommended by the county health department) by a licensed Long Island septic tank and cesspool hauler to prevent solid materials from entering the cesspool. This will avoid costly repairs to the cesspool drainage area commonly referred to as the overflow.
The cesspool (drainage area) commonly known as the overflow is designed to leach water only. The cesspool should receive water only – solid waste will clog the drainage area. The home owner should have their pumping contractor inspect the overflow system when the solids and sludge are pumped from the septic tank to insure proper drainage. If it is determined that the overflow requires service the home owner may elect pumping, aeration and application of drainage additives to the overflow to restore drainage.