Long Island cesspool and septic systems are typically made of a few different components. There is a receiving structure that might be either a septic tank or a cesspool. Along with the drainage area, which could be a drainage field or another cesspool. Houses built before 1972 will have block cesspools. Homes built after the year 1972 will have a septic tank as the main receiving structure. Along with precast concrete cesspools serving as the drainage area. When installed and properly maintained by a Long Island septic system and cesspool professional service at regular service intervals, your septic tank and drainage system can provide many years of reliable service.
A septic system acts as an on site sewage treatment plant used by municipalities where sewers are not available. Back in the 1800′s a septic system would have been installed to replace chamber pots and the old outhouse.
Effluent (sewage) flows into the septic tank allowing scum to float to the top, and sludge to sink to the bottom. Bacteria breaks down and begins to process the waste. This is called the "bacteria cycle" that occurs in your septic tank. This then allows waste water to flow to your cesspool, sewer, or leach field.
A cesspool is also called an overflow or a leaching pool when it is used as secondary component in a septic system. A septic tank or another cesspool would be either of the main components in this kind of wastewater system. Solids and sludge are separated from the liquid waste. Allowing the liquid effluent to drain to an overflow cesspool or leaching pool. Where it drains into the sand at the bottom. Bacteria then helps breakdown those solids by digesting them and aiding in taking some burden off of routine maintenance. Septic systems need maintenance and can't be circumvented. Maintenance intervals can be lengthened with the use of bacteria and enzymes and other additives. Most importantly routine maintenance can prolong the life of your system, but only when performed by a reputable cesspool and septic company.